Education Required to Become an RN
If you're thinking about a career in nursing, you should seriously consider obtaining a four-year university degree. Not only do most provinces require a baccalaureate in nursing (BN or BScN) to enter the profession, a degree will give you more career opportunities, including graduate study. Nursing students in either degree or diploma programs study theory and clinical practice, receiving supervision in the clinical setting to ensure student and patient safety. All registered nurses (RNs) require registration with a provincial or territorial nursing regulatory body.
Specialization: Additional academic training or experience is required to specialize in a specific area of nursing.
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, registered psychiatric nurses (RPNs) require special training and registration. RPNs' education in psychiatric nursing at the diploma or baccalaureate level includes special focus on psychiatric and mental health issues and care delivery.
In all other provinces and territories, RNs can work as psychiatric nurses without separate registration.
The standard education required to become a licensed practical nurse (LPN) is a one- or a two-year post-secondary program at a college. LPNs and registered practical nurses are professionals who provide direct patient care and are regulated through legislation in each province or territory.
Specialization: LPNs can become operating room technicians after additional academic training in operating room techniques or on-the-job training.